A healthy nutritional plan is important for good health. It can help maintain a healthy body weight, enhance general wellbeing and reduce the risk of a number of diseases including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and osteoporosis.
A healthy nutritional plan consists of four main categories of foods – of course there are some other minor groups. But these four main food groups will provide a healthy plan for the bulk of your nutritional needs. They are: vegetables and fruits, grain products, milk products, and meats and alternatives.
Healthy nutritional habits is a good balance of each of the food groups listed. Of course, different individuals will need different amounts of these foods. Other factors such as age, body size, activity level and gender will also affect the amount of food you should be eating. Below is a guide to provide you with a general idea of how much from each group you should serve for a healthy lifestyle.
Please note that meat is NOT a necessary part of a healthy nutrition. Contrary to what many say, you can get enough proteins from vegetables, beans and soy products.
Healthy eating habits is rich in fruits and vegetables. These habits will also include moderate amounts of milk and dairy products, meat, fish or meat/milk alternatives, and limited amounts of foods containing fat or sugar.
You must have carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, salts and fibre in the correct proportions. If there is not enough protein, you will not be able to grow properly and you will not be able to repair yourself i.e. wounds will not heal properly. If you do not have enough energy containing foods you will feel very tired, you will not have enough energy. If you have too much energy containing foods you will become overweight.
If you think that you are overweight you might try taking on more exercise to “burn off” some of the excess food which you ate at your last meal.